Re-control of the Taliban1)
The Taliban is an Islamic Sunni militant political organization formed in Kandahar, Afghanistan in 1994 that ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. They have gained support from traditional Afghan families as the country has been working hard to eradicate corruption while resuming commercial activities. However, they have been criticized by the international community for enforcing strict Islamic rule and for violating human rights, especially against women and children. In addition to regulating women's higher education, employment and freedom of movement, they also made it mandatory to wear a burka and stoned women who violated the orders. Their rule collapsed in November 2001 when they rejected the U.S. demand for recruits to Osama bin Laden, who was blamed for the September 11, 2001 attacks. However, they expanded their power by continuing guerrilla warfare and finally regained control of Kabul on August 15, 2021. Ahead of the Taliban's retaking of Kabul, President Ashraf Ghani fled the country with four cash-filled vehicles, and thousands of people gathered at Kabul airport to escape from the country, creating great confusion. In particular, the U.S. military's act of firing to disperse the large number of people who flocked to the runway created a catastrophe that led to deaths.
On August 17 this year, at its first press conference in the capital, Kabul, the Taliban announced it would institute moderate rule declaring the end of the war in Afghanistan. "Women will be able to work and study and actively engage in social activities within the framework of Islam," said Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid. The remarks seem conscious of the numerous voices of concern in the international community over the suppression of women's human rights that may accompany the Taliban's rule. However, the Taliban spokesman did not elaborate on the level of clothing discipline and social activities that would be allowed for women. Although the Taliban have expressed their willingness to embrace and change after the re-occupation, international concerns remain over violations of women's human rights under the terrifying regime. U.N. Chief Human Rights Representative Mitchell Bachelet stated he received a reliable report on human rights abuses by the Taliban at a special meeting of the U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland on August 24. It was a report of summary execution of the Afghan government, women's free movement and restrictions on schooling, recruitment of juvenile soldiers, peaceful protests and oppression of the opposition. Bachelet said he urged the establishment of a dedicated organization to closely monitor human rights conditions in Afghanistan, expressing concern over the situation there.
1) Kim Yeonha, "United Nations Human Rights Representative Says, "Taliban Human Rights Abuses Are Serious. Call For the Establishment of a Dedicated Monitoring Body."", Seoul Economy News, August 25, 2021