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Make It Fair
Shin Choi Woohyun  |  smt_swh@sm.ac.kr
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승인 2017.09.04  20:40:13
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PHOTO FROM WALL STREET JOURNAL

It is impossible for a camel to fit through the eye of a needle.  This idea appropriately reflects the current Korean employment situation.  While the number of young people seeking employment totals approximately 65 million, available jobs are few and far between.  There is fierce competition and great importance is placed on differentiating oneself from others.  With tough competition, a society that overemphasizes one's certification too much is strengthening problems of the present world; however the Korean government’s new recruitment policy is expected to tackle the situation.  Meanwhile, will this new policy really solve the problem of unemployment?  With the new policy comes both positives and negatives.

   
PHOTO FROM JOBSTHEWORD BLOG

The Sedative for an Overheating Job Market: Blind Recruitment

The new policy on recruitment encourages companies to pay more attention to a candidate’s credentials like aptitude and skills for the position being offered rather than one’s relationship to the company and workers, education irrelevant to the job, and appearance.  In other words, the new policy mandates the exclusion of artificial qualifications that are discriminatory such as physical condition, looks, and irrelevant education institutes.  The new policy has additional factors besides the removal of the photo on resumes such as the removal of an applicant’s education background if it is immaterial to the position being offered.  The government established the policy because of the excessive employment competition in Korea among job seekers.  According to the Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO), the number of job seekers in June 2016 was about 679,000 people.  That figure reflects an increase of 115,000 (20.4 percent) compared to the same month in 2015.   This is the highest level since January 2003 when statistics were first compiled.  However, there are limitative jobs which are not enough to meet the demand.  Therefore, society has become more demanding and requires job seekers to have various certifications unrelated to the position or job.  For example, regardless of the need for a certain level of English linguistic ability, applicants are expected to have passed the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) exam at unusually high levels.  The rationale is that the test scores indicate whether an applicant is versatile.  Faced with this problem, President Moon announced that “Everyone should start on the same foot when submitting an employment application”.
Until today, Korean employers were permitted to ask applicants for their age, gender, height, weight, academe, birth area, and even marital status.  They were free to ask for the information both on the company application form as well as in person during an interview.  In this regard, discrimination often occurred when applicants with unfavorable attributes were quickly weeded out.  However, the new recruitment policy prohibits companies from requesting a job applicant’s photo and information that isn’t directly related to job, including their physical appearance, family background, and the names of schools they attended unless directly related to the job.  Employers are now restricted to requesting information solely related to position the applicant will hold at the company.  The Ministry of Employment and Labor said it will distribute its new guidelines to all 332 public institutions.  Furthermore, the Ministry will also push ahead with passing federal law so that all private sector firms follow the same hiring practice.  In the meanwhile, the government is planning to distribute recruitment manuals to over 400 major firms and organize training sessions on the new policy’s requirements.

   
PHOTO FROM EDAILY

Close Your Eyes

The new recruitment method is expected to lead to equal opportunity, fairness, and satisfaction among job seekers because they would no longer be assessed by immaterial aspects.  Lee Hyunsong, a university graduate said, “I think the new recruitment systems is good because it offers a better way of thoroughly evaluating candidates.  The most competent person should get the job regardless of his/her school name.  The new hiring systems will require companies to look more closely at job skills and abilities”.
Public opinion among young job seekers about the new recruitment policy is positive, too.  Job portal ‘Job Korea’ recently surveyed 997 job applicants and 82.2% of job seekers agreed with the government’s new policy.  Also, 48.4% of the respondents predict that they will directly benefit from it.   Opinion among human resources managers was similar.  Job portal ‘Job Korea’ conducted a survey of 418.9 employees in the recruitment agency recently, with a total of 80.9 percent of the personnel recruiting staffs are agreed with blind recruitment in hiring from their employees.   Therefore, human resources managers and young job seekers view the policy positively.
Against this backdrop, Moon’s new recruitment policy is expected to push ahead with an overwhelming majority of popularity.  The purpose of the new recruitment policy is to level the playing field for all job seekers, but controversy over the policy’s regulations is mounting fast.  Job seekers and businesses agree that there is a need for overhauling the hiring system, but they disagree with requiring all job recruitment to follow the same regulations.

   
PHOTO BY SWH

Inefficacious Game of Hide-and-Seek

Among the concerns regarding the new recruitment policy is reverse discrimination.  Some claim that attending an elite school is the product of one’s effort and should be considered relevant when applying for a job.  In developed nations, hiring practices avoid discriminatory practices by removing the written and verbal detailing of ethnicity, age, and gender.  However, in Korea, schooling is held high in terms of prestige, so the new government policy undercuts a student’s pre-secondary hard work to enter a top ranking institution.  Jo Yujin, Department of Political Science & International Relations 17, said, “I don’t favor the new hiring policy.  It unfairly forgoes my earnest effort to enter my university.”  Currently seeking a job, one of job seekers Park Sungjun, takes issue with the system, saying “I can’t understand why people view the new policy as fair.  What is the point of studying hard to enter an elite school if companies are not going to reward candidates who did their utmost to enter a top ranking school?”
Some criticize the policy’s vague evaluation criteria.  According to Senior Adviser to the President for Senior Affairs on June 22, the policy removes inconsequential details like irrelevant school and one’s physical condition.  However, there are people that claim some detailing is necessary.  It is difficult to select a suitable person for the task from applications that limit the detailing of an applicant’s information, especially key information that relates to performance and ability.  In other words, it will become increasingly difficult to select the best candidates.  In careers of fields such as security services and chemical research, applicants need to be in top physical and mental health, so the policy allow exemptions in order for recruiters to correctly assess an applicant’s suitability.  However, exclusive of the foregoing cases, exemptions have yet to be discussed, and criteria still are burred regarding specifics on cases of exceptions.  Seo Jihoon, one citizen said, “It’s great that there will be less discrimination.  But, I’m sure companies must have certain particulars that need to be met.  Information on university, specialties, and courses related to the job will surely help recruiters choose the right person for the right job.”
Last, the third concern raised is the possibility of increasing unemployment.  Without empirical evidence in Korea, there is no way to know if getting a job or hiring will become easier with the new recruitment policy.  There are some who claim companies will only seek more selective hiring practices, which will only increase the rate of unemployment.  The National Labor Roles Standards (NCS) is now overhauling its hiring tests to counter the introduction of the new recruitment method.  NCS creates tests that evaluate knowledge of skills required to perform specific tasks in the industrial field and other professions.  With changes to the tests and testing methods, job seekers will be forced to compete even more fiercely for a job by attaining high scores on the tests.

   
PHOTO FROM SARAMIN

Finding an Equilibrium

Burying your head in the sand.  This saying encompasses the employment situation today.  Only addressing surface issues will not resolve underlying problems.  The purpose of the new recruitment policy reflects current problems in Korean society and attempts to tackle it straight on; however, there are a number of issues it overlooks.  Realization of the new hiring policy will need to guarantee harmony between reality and ideals.  Therefore, more consideration is needed before the recruitment policy is implemented in the private sector.  The government should work on guideline creation that best reflects public concern to make sure the policy does not fail but is accepted gradually.

   
PHOTO FROM THE JOONGANG ILBO

 

 

1) Bu Jangwon, “’68 million Unemployed and Seeing Jobs”, Maeil Business Newspaper, July 13, 2017

2) Seong Seunghawn, “President Moon “Public Servant Positions to Start Blind Recruitment from the Latter Half of the Year””, Yonhap News Agency TV, July 22, 2017

3) Ock Hyun-ju, “Blind Hiring Sparks Controversy”, July 7, 2017

4) Kim Minju, “82.2% of Job Applicants “Agree with Blind Hiring”, 48.8% say “The System Will Work in Their Favour””, The Kookje Daily News, July 19, 2017

5) Jin Seon, “Human Resources Managers Discuss ‘Blind Recruitment’ Pros and Cons TOP 7”, SINGLE LIST, July 6, 2017

6) Ock Hyun-ju, “Blind Hiring to be Implemented in the Public Sector”, The Korea Herald, July 5, 2017

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